Defiant Kashmiris

The whole of subcontinent accepted Mughal rule but Kashmiris fought them. They fought the Afghans and Sikhs though the resistance was very subtle. Their heroic fight against the Dogras is unparalleled. And since 1947, they have been offering huge sacrifices. Can anybody deny it?

A Hurriyat leader cursed the people of Kashmir for their failure to support the on-going movement.  According to him, the people have failed the leaders time and again. I strongly objected much to his discomfort.

 People of Kashmir are great people. This is what I firmly believe in. They have been offering resistance for the past four centuries and this is what makes them great.

The leader referred to Bakshi’s conversation with Nehru wherein he had stated that all Kashmiris were with him. In 1953 the Prime Minister of Jammu Kashmir, Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah was dethroned and arrested. Bakshi Ghulam Muhammad succeeded him. One day, the Indian Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru asked him how many people were with him. He replied: “Forty lakh.”  Nehru asked him how many were with Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah. He said: “Forty lakh.”

 For understanding the psyche of Kashmiris one has to have an in-depth study of its history. Kashmiris have been enslaved, tortured, humiliated and ruthlessly killed since the past four centuries. The brutal occupation has gone on to their head. They have moulded their personality accordingly. So where does their greatness lie? Kashmiris have always resisted external aggression. The whole of subcontinent accepted Mughal rule but Kashmiris fought them valiantly. They fought the Afghans and Sikhs though the resistance was very subtle. Their heroic fight against the Dogras is unparalleled. And since 1947, they have been offering huge sacrifices. Can anybody deny it?  

People have dared to disagree with Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah and Bakshi Ghulam Muhammad. Both of them were ruthless enough to allow dissent to flourish. Hundreds of dissidents were exiled or jailed. The process of pushing people across the ceasefire line ended during Sadiq’s regime. A man from Zaina Kadal still carries the mark of an iron on his back. 

Very often the couplet of an unknown Central Asian poet is cited to malign Kashmiris. The poet says: “Agar Qahtul Rijaal Uftund A(z)e Shaan Unus Kumgeeri, Awal  Kambo Doum  Afghan Soum Budzaat Kashmiri.” (If there is dearth of men in the world, never make friends with an Afghan, Kambo or Kashmiri even in such difficult times). Historians believe that Akbar’s army recited this verse repeatedly while fighting Kashmiris. While Kashmiris do not need a character certificate from a colonizer and his army, the question as to why the poet resorted to their character assassination needs to be answered.  In this verse the poet has prefixed an adjective to Kashmiris Budzaat that means a person who has no character, who changes colours like a chameleon and who resorts to cheating. Well, while it is not known what prompted the poet to use such derogatory word against Kashmiris, knowledgeable people strongly contest this. According to them, Kashmiris are great people. They have strong arguments to prove it. Hearsay reports suggest that the Kambos (a tribe somewhere in Punjab) force their women into prostitution. Kashmiris on the other hand launched a strong movement against prostitution seven decades ago and forced the then government to ban it. A barber, Muhammad Subhan Hajam worked tirelessly and succeeded in persuading the government to ban prostitution. The detested practice would earn the then government 25% of its total revenue. Four years ago, the people came out and demanded stern action against the persons involved in the sex scandal. Many were arrested. The accused were put on trial.

After the end of Taliban rule in Afghanistan, long queues were seen outside the barber shops. Desperate people in a bid to get rid of the beard waited outside the saloons for hours together. When Bollywood announced its arrival in the conflict torn land, as many as six people died in a stampede outside a cinema hall. They were so desperate to see Madhuri Dixit dancing on the silver screen that they killed six people to make it to the hall.

Here an attempt has not been made to cast aspersions on the Kambo and Afghan races. There are black sheep in every community. But when compared to Kashmiris, a totally different story comes to surface. Yes, many Kashmiris also shaved off their beard under compulsion. In 1979, it was done to escape the wrath of the angry pro-Bhutto demonstrators and during the past two decades for `security’ reasons. Queues were never seen outside the barber shops in Kashmir. Similarly when the government reopened cinema halls in Srinagar, very few people visited them. Two were closed down for want of customers. Only one is running in the city’s high security zone.

Kashmiris participated in assembly elections in 2008 after the massive uprising of June. A few months later, they boycotted the parliamentary elections. What does it convey? Kashmiris are politically very mature. They know what to do and when. During assembly elections they made clear that they were voting for roads, water and electricity. All the voters made clear that they stood for self determination.

History of the world bears testimony to the fact that people across the globe are no different than their counterparts in Kashmir. Have a look at the battle of Uhud. The holy Prophet (SAW) lost some of his teeth and had a narrow escape. A hard earned victory turned into defeat. This should not have happened especially when the Prophet (SAW) was around. But it happened. MKC Gandhi’s salt agitation turned violent. Gandhi had to call off the agitation. A disgusted Jinnah left for England.

It was Iqbal who brought him back. Yes, Kashmiris have committed mistakes at times but they have always re-emerged strongly. If they accorded welcome to Sheikh Abdullah for signing the accord in 1975, they resorted to arms in 1987 to enforce the same demand which Sheikh Abdullah had just abandoned. The Hurriyat Conference tried to persuade people to come out on the streets for two decades. Two years ago they came out on their own and forced the world to focus attention on Kashmir once again.   

Kalhana has been proven right. Kashmiris cannot be tamed by the sword. The soil of Kashmir hosts thousands of Chinars and the fire of these majestic trees shall never get cold.
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