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Ethinic Group

published March 16, 2009 by kamal Hussian
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The history of peopling of Jammu and Kashmir State is a record of constant impulses of immigration from the north-west, west, south and east directions. The alien races, ethnic groups and various religions have influenced the cultural ethos and mode of life of the people of this region.
Ethnic group, in the opinion of Jordon is a group of people possessing a common ancestry and cultural tradition with a feeling of belonging and cohesiveness, living as a minority in a larger society. Each social group is the keeper of distinctive cultural traditions and the nucleus of various kinds of social interactions. An ethnic group provides not only group identity, but also friendship, marriage patterns, business success, and the political power base.
The mosaic of ethnic group in Jammu and Kashmir State is complex and the race structure cannot be explained without understanding the pre-historic movements of people. In the process of peopling of the region, the Dards in the north-west, the Ladakhis in the east, the Gujjars and Rajputs in the south and Paharis in the south-east have closely influenced the existing ethnicity of the people. The racial composition of the State was also influenced by the immigrants from the territories of Turkmenia, Tadzkistan, Uzbaikistan, Kazakistan, Georgia, Azerbaijan (U.S.S.R.) Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Afghanistan.
The various ethnic groups of the Jammu and Kashmir State though intermingled have their areas of high concentration. For example, Kashmiris are mainly concentrated in the Valley bottom; Dards occupy the valley of Gurez; Hanjis are confined to water bodies of Kashmir; Gujjars and Bakarwals are living and oscillating in the Kandi areas; Dogras ocoupy the outskirts of the Punjab plain, while Chibhalis and Paharis live between Chenab and Jhelum rivers. Moreover, there are numerous small ethnic g}oups like Rhotas, Gaddis and Sikhs which have significant concentration in isolated pockets of the State.
Kashmiris
Kashmiris are well spread in various parts of the State but their major concentration lies in the Valley of Kashmir, Kishtwar, Bhadarwah, Doda and Ramban tehsils of the Jammu Division.
‘Kashmiri’ is a wide term which has loosely been applied for several streams of immigrated mainly from Turkey, Iran, Central Asia and Afghanistan, and settled in the valley. There is a close bearing of the Indo-Aryans on the racials composition of the Kashmiris. In fact, the Indo-Aryan religions and languages have substantially affected the mode of life of the Kashmiris. The influence of Sanskrit on Kashmiri language is strong and cogent to this day. Moreover, Kashmir has also received racial impulses from Indo-Greeks which have influenced the race structure of the people considerably. The influence of Dards, Ladakhis and Punjabis has also moulded the ethos of Kashmiri culture.

Kashmiris are broad shouldered and usually of medium to tall stature. They are much dolichocephic, have a well developed forehead, a long narrow face, regular features and a prominent straight and finely cut nose. They wear short pyjamas, a long loose large sleeved gown locally known as Pharan, and a skull cap. In intellect they are superior to their neighbours and efficient in business. In disposition they are talkative, cheerful and humerous.
Most of the Kashmiris live in villages and are dependent on agriculture. Paddy, orchards, saffron are the main crops grown by them while the urban Kashmiris are engaged in business, tourism, hotel-management, carpet making, silk industry, shawl-making, wood work, pieper-mache and several other handicrafts.
Dards
Dards have a long history. Ptolemy in his book ‘Almagast’ has used the word Daradrai for Dards of the western Himalayas. Before embracing Islam, they were the followers of Budhism and Hinduism. At present their major concentration lies in Dardistan (Derdesa), the area to the north of Kashmir Valley, especially in the catchment of Kishanganga north of Sardi, Gurez and Tilel.
In the opinion of Leitner, Dards belong to Aryan stock. This opinion is also endorsed by Ray who states that the Dardic Aryans parted from the main Aryan mass just after their enterence into India. Dardic Aryans then colonised the Pamir region from where they spread to Chitral and Gilgit.
In physical appearance the Dards are broad shouldered, moderately stout-built and have well proportionate bodies. In face they are not handsome, their hairs are usually black but sometime brown, in complexion they are moderately fair. Their eyes are either black or hazel. They are known for their ferocity. In the social hierarchy they are divisible into: (i) Renue (ruling class), (ii) Shins (religious sect), (iii) Yashkun (cultivators) and (iv) Dum (menial class). Dards are dependent on agriculture, pastoralism, cottage industries and trade.
Ladakhis
Ladakhis have been named as the people of snow-living in an arid plateau, surrounded by mountains, where cultivation of crops is hampered by severe cold and non- availability of water for irrigation. Ladakhis are a mixture of Mongoloid and Aryan races. The Aryans who settled originally in the sub-continent’s northern parts were the early Budhist people from Kashmir and the Dards from Gilgit. The Mongolian stock is traced to Tibet, from where the shephereds and nomads came to the valleys of Ladakh to graze their flocks. The present day population of Ladakh is the result of blending together of Dards and the Mongolians.
The recent papulation data reveals that Ladakh is inhabited by the Budhists, the Muslims, the Hindus and the Christians. The Budhists are mostly the decendents of the Mongolians and bear a close affinity in features with the Tibetans. They are reputed for religious tolerance, honesty and hard work. There are some families even now, members of which follow different religions and yet live in peace. Where the husband wife profess different faiths, the male child is regarded as a member of the community to which the father belongs while the female child is admitted to the religion of her mother.
Budhism does not recognise any caste or racial distinction, but some differentiation is made on the basis of social and occupational considerations. In any case the Budhists may be classified among three principal categories, namely, Rigzang, Mangriks, and Rignu. Rigzang is the upper class. Mangriks who constitute the middle class consist of Lamas, Unpos, Nungsu, Lorjo, and Thakshos. The lowest class which is known as Pignu includes Beda, Mou, Garra, Shinkhan and Lamkhun etc.
Ladakhis are truthful, good natured, cheerful, friendly, industrious and honest. They are seldom angry and soon ready to become friends. In conversation they are very polite. Ladakhis are well built and have developed sufficient resistence to work even when the temperature is as low as -25¡C.
The population of Ladakhis is not increasing steadily, probably owing to the prevalence of polyandry and partly on account of climatic and economic conditions which have been operating against the development of population and its increase in number.
Dogras
On the outskirt of the Siwaliks facing the plain of Punjab is the habitat of Dogras a distinctive ethnic group of Jammu Division. There is controversy among the social anthropologists about their origin. The major concentration of Dogras however, occurs between the two holy lakes i. e. Saroinsar and Mansar. Lake Saroinsar is at a distance of 38 kms. to the east and Mansar 64 kms to the west of Jammu city.
In the opinion of some social anthropologists ‘Dogra’ is a corruption of the Rajasthani word ‘Dungra’ means ‘hill’ and when the people of Rajasthan migrated in the hilly tracks under drought conditions the Rajputs gave this name to the people of hilly country, Stein opines that the name ‘Durgara’ is probably a tribal designation like ‘Gurjara’ – original of the modern Gujjar, and similarly the word ‘Durgara’ has been derived from Durgara’ through Prakrit Dogra.
Whatsoever the controversy about the origin of the word Dogra may be they belong to the Aryan race and speak the Dogri language. Most of them have Brahmini path and have the sects of Varnashram. A substantial section of the Dogras embraced Islam during the 16th and 17th centuries. At the time of partition of the Sub-continent most of the Muslim Dogras migrated to Pakistan.
In appearance Dogras are short statured, slim and have high shoulders. Their complexion is wheatish, silghtly hooked nose, brown eyes and jet-black hairs. The lower castes of Dogras in general have blackish complexion.
Hanjis
Hanjis – the dwellers of water, constitute a significant ethnic group in the valley of Kashmir. They are mainly confined to the Dal, Wular, Anchar lakes and the Jhelum river, especially between Khanabal (Ananatnag District) and Chattabal (Srinagar District).
There is not unanimity of opinion amongst the scholars about their arrival in the valley of Kashmir. They, however agree in saying that ‘Hanjis’ belong to one of the ancient racial groups who were essentially Nishads (boatmen). Some of the Hanjis claim themselves as the descendents of Prophet Noah. There are historical evidences showing that Raja Pratap Sen introduced boatmen from Sangaldip (Sri Lanka). It is believed that before their conversion to Islam, they were Kashtriyas.
Hanjis are sturdy, hard working active people with great imagination. On the basis of occupation and social status Hanjis are divisible into: (i) Demb- Hanz (vegetable growers), (ii) Gari-Hanz (water-nuts gatherers), (iii) Gad-Hanz (fishermen), (iv) Mata-Hanz (who deal in wood), (v) Dunga-Hanz (owners of passenger boats), (vi) Haka-Hanz (collectors of wood from water bodies), (vii) Bahatchi-Hanz (who live in Bahatch boats), (viii) Shikara-Hanz (who ply Shikara boats), and (ix) House- boat Hanz. The various Hanji groups use boats of different types, shapes and sizes, e. g. Bahatch, Khoch, Demba-Nav, Kara Nav, War, Tchakawar, Parinda and Houseboat. The type of boat which a Hanji owns and uses for earning his livelihood or the product he deals with to a great extent, denotes his class and social status.
The sex-ratio of Hanjis is about 892 as against 936 the national level and 899 the state average. The low sex ratio shows that the males are better cared and well fed than females. In fact, the females are still a neglected lot and are not properly cared like the underdeveloped patriarchal societies.
A field study conducted reveals that the literacy rate in Hanji’s is only 12 per cent. The proportion uf literate males and females being 20.5 and 3.7 per cent respectively. Nearly 34 per cent of the total population of Hanjis is engaged in various type of productive activities, while the remaining 66 per cent is dependent population, belonging to juvenile, Senile and household female population.
Hanjis in general do not have fixed incomes. Their income varies from month to month and season to season. It is more true of those who are engaged in hotal management and houseboat industry. In fact, tourism is an imporlant activity on which many of the Hanjis are dependent. Tourism in itself depends on many other factors like the number and pattern of tourist inflow, the weather conditions and the political situation of the State.
Hanjis, a peculiar ethnic group attached to water in general is not developing at the desired rate. The living conditions of Gad- Hanjs and Demb-Hanjs are poor and unhygienic, while those who are houseboat owners have better income and social status. Some pragmatic planning is to be made for the socio-economic upheaval of the Hanjis of the State.
Gujjars and Bakarwals
Gujjars and Bakarwals constitute a significant proportion of the population of the State. In general, they have nomadic character and largely depend on flocks and cattle keeping for thier livelihood.
The early history of Gujjars and Bakarwals is obscure. There are several theories about their origin. According to one school of thought, before their arrival in the sub-continent they were the inhabitants of Georgia (Gurjia) a territory situated between the Black sea and the Caspian Sea in the Soviet Union. Under certain push and pull factors they left their abode and through central Asia, Iraq, Iran and Afghanistan crossed the Khyber Pass to enter the Subcontinent of India. In the Sub-continent making a southward march through Baluchistan- they reached Gujrat. Most probably in the 5th and 6th century A.D. at the occurrence of some serious droughts they moved out of Gujarat and crossing Rajasthan and Punjab entered the green pastures of the Siwaliks and the Himalayas. Having their place of origin as Georgia and moving towards the Sub- continent of India they named several settlements after their name, e.g. Gujar (Central Asia), Juzrs (Gurjara), Gujrabad, Gujru, Gujristan, Gujrabas, Gujdar-Kotta, Gujar-Garh, Gujarkhan, Gujranwala in Iran, Afghanistan, Turkmenia, Pakistan and India. Cunningham (1970) is however, of the opinion that the Gujjars are the descendent of Kusham and Yachi Tribes which are considered to be the tribes of Eastern Tartars (U.S.S.R.).
The diffusion and spread of Gujjars in the State of Jammu and Kashmir is not known with certainty. When the Gujjars of Jammu and Kashmir are asked about their place of origin, they simply say that their forefathers had migrated from Gujarat and Rajputana (Rajasthan). The arrival of Gujjars in Jammu and Kashmir is attributed to the outbreak of devastating droughts and famines in Rajasthan, Gujarat and Kathiawad.

There are archaeological evidences to prove that there was a spell of dryness in the 6th and 7th centuries in Rajasthan and Gujarat which led to the outmigration of these people (Gujjars), who alongwith their cattle entered the pastures of the Siwaliks and the Sub-Himalayas. The ‘Gujri’ language is now recognised to be a form of Rajasthani language, which supports the hypothesis that Gujjars have outmigrated from Rajputana (Rajasthan).
The major concentration of Gujjars lies in Jammu, Rajouri, Udhampur, Poonch, Uri, Ganderbal, Anantnag, Daksum, Narang and the Kandi areas of the Jammu and Kashmir Divisions. Although some of them have started developing land connections, they are essentially cattle rearers and a section of them – Bakarwals regularly oscillates between the southern slopes of the Siwaliks and the Margs (Alpine-pastures) of the Central Himalayas.
Jn the State of Jammu and Kashmir the Gujjars, on the basis of their occupations and settlements are classified as (i) cultivators who have sedentrized themselves in the sidevalleys, and (ii) the Gujjars who practice transhumance. The second category is further sub-divided into Dodhi-Gujjars (milk-man) and Bakarwals Gujjars (who rear sheep and goats).
The houses of the Gujjars and Bakarwals are locally known as Kothas and Bandis. It is generally a mud-house against the slope of a hillock. The walls are devoid of any ventilation except a small entry door. In one of the walls there is a small hole which is the only outlet for all types of bad gasses and smoke. The shelter though unhygienic protects them and their cattle from severe colds of December, January and February.
The Gujjars and Bakarwals in the State are the followers of Islam, excepting a few who are settled io Bimber, Mirpur and Rajouri. The Gujjars, because of their strict re]igious adherence, have emerged as the most outstanding tribe who are trusted for their honesty.
So far as the dress is concerned, the males wear a long shirt and a trouscr as per the tenets of Islam. Besides, they wear a turban of a peculiar style. The ladies usually wear a long shirt and Shalwar with a cap or Dupatta on their head. Though Purdah system among ladies is not observed, they avoid to face the strangers.
Gujjars are known for their hard work and gentle nature. Rearing of cattle horses, goats and sheep is their main occupation. They have simple food habits. Maize, milk and milk products are the main ingredients of their diet. They usually start their day with a glass of milk and Chapatis (bread) of maize. The same food is being repeated at lunch and dinner. They do not use any type of toxic drinks as taking liquor is prohibited in Islam. Even tea is not consumed by all the Gujjars.
The Gujjars and Bakarwals have no written language and no history beyond word-of-mouth tales and traditions. They have no art beyond traditional tribal songs and the simple tribal patterns they weave into their clothes. Although they live on products of their flocks yet some of them cultivate little maize on the slopes in the narrow valleys with spade and hoe. They donot use vehicular transport instead they use draught animals. The assets and resources vital to them are pasture lands, migration routes and water-resources. These resources and assets are owned commonly by the tribes and maintained collectively. They have a subsistence type of economy and try to produce everything they need in their daily need.

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  • Profile picture of Tasaduq Nakash Shafaq Shah On: 2016-12-12 04:06:55
    Whither the probes?On the night of August 2, an ATM guard was killed on way to his home and his body was found thrown at the gate of Government Medical College, Srinagar. On August 17, a lecturer from Sharshali, Khrew Pampore was dragged from his home and beaten to death in custody. On the afternoon of August 18, government forces emptied pellet cartridge in the left arm of an ambulance driver. On October 7, a 7th standard student was killed at the entrance of his house while seeing off his aunt. Despite murder cases being registered and inquires being ordered by Chief Minister, Mehbooba Mufti in all these cases, the perpetrators are yet to be punished. SHABIR AHMAD MANGOO When Shabir was dragged from his home by army men, a pen from his hand fell on the verandah of his house. His 28-year-old widow, Yasmeena has kept the pen hidden in the almirah so that one day his son will write with his father’s pen. “We had not even completed three years of marriage and these brute Indian forces snatched my husband from me. What will I do now? What will I tell my one-and–half old son, where his father is,” says Yasmeena. She often sits in the room where Shabir last sat, feeling the absence of her “best friend”. “For days and nights he would sit in this room and prepare for National Eligibility Test. He was studying hard to qualify it this year. I would then request him to come out of the room for few minutes and go out for a stroll,” says Yasmeena, who randomly picks one of the many books Shabir would often read. Recalling the fateful day, Shabir’s sister Masrat says: “In the afternoon of August 17, there were protests going on afternoon in our village, but my brother was home, studying in his room. He was so engrossed in studies that he was least bothered about the outside world.” At 10:30 on that night, Masrat says: “Army men barged into our house, smashed the window panes of my younger brother’s sumo cab and dragged me by my hair. Shabir was inside, but after hearing the noise he came out and the army men took him along. They didn’t even give him time to wear shirt and dragged him out in his undershirt.” Yasmeena had gone to his parents’ house in Tral on the day of the incident, but a phone call from Masrat late in the night made her come back early morning. “With me came the body of my husband who had been beaten to death by the Indian forces. His arms, back, legs and chest all had been turned blue and purple by the forces,” says Yasmeena. At 6 in the morning, the family lodged an FIR against the Army men under Section 302 (murder) and 307 (attempt to murder) at police station Sharshali, Khrew. Four months after his death, Shabir’s family says, “The investigation is yet to be started in the case. Journalists and activists are the only people who have visited our house. No police official came to our home to even record our statement. ” “To settle scores with the family,” Masrat says, “The Commanding officer of Army at the local camp who had came to our house with his men called my father couple of weeks after the death and offered money and asked him to withdraw the case against him. But my father refused.” Shabir, a lecturer at Amar Singh College, lost his mother at a young age. His father took care of Shabir and his siblings. Among the siblings, Shabir studied the most and earned a job in Amar Singh College as lecturer in English. “My younger brother is a sumo driver, father is a labourer so Shabir was the only person who was taking care of the needs of the family. Now who will take care of us,” asks Masrat. “In television interviews Mehbooba Mufti says the death of the lecturer should be probed. But did she say it only to shut our mouths? Did she try to know where the investigation has reached? These all are tactics of politicians to fool people. I know how it works here and that’s why I am sad that I cannot even punish the killers of my husband,” Yasmeena says. RIYAZ AHMAD SHAH Walking through the lanes and by-lanes in Chattabal, Riyaz seems to have become a revered name. While asking people the way to Riyaz’s home- an ATM guard who was killed by the forces on way to home- smilingly say: “Martyr is live in heart, but still if you want to know the address, ask anyone on road he will guide to his home. He is our hero.” Riyaz’s house looks deceiving from outside, but inside it is properly furnished. “He was very hard working. In the daytime he would work as a salesman in Jamia Market and nights he would works as a guard in an ATM counter in Kanikadal. He would spend hard earned money on this house,” says Riyaz’s sister-in-law. “We are not able to find the culprit of my mamu, it’s been four months. And we don’t expect that he will ever be caught,” says Hina Jan, Riyaz’s niece, who says she was closet to him of all his nieces. Hina, a 10th standard dropout, explains how Riyaz was killed by forces. “He came to my home in Batamaloo in the morning, took shower, had tea and left. He had to arrange a SIM card for one of our neighbors. After spending time with us, he left for Fateh Kadal where his brother lives and in the evening again came to our home. So he was quite busy for half of the day.” “At 8 in the evening,” Hina recalls, “He left for the ATM. At 10 in the night, his brother called him and asked to come home, as they were waiting for him for dinner. Riyaz asked to wait for couple of minutes as he was on way. Two minutes passed, the brother again called, and he said he is coming in a minute. And when one minute also passed, the brother again called, but he didn’t answer the call.” Hina who is staying at Riyaz’s place since the day he died says, “An hour later, we received a call from Riyaz’s number and some people asked us to immediately reach GMC and asked us to get a female along. And when we saw Riyaz mamu’s body thrown near the gate of GMC, we all went in a state of shock. We are yet to come to terms with the reality.” Police initially claimed that Riyaz had been stabbed, but the autopsy confirmed multiple pellet injuries as the cause of death. Following the autopsy report, the family registered an FIR in Karan Nagar police station. And till this date, nothing has been done to book the culprits. “Nothing has happened since we lodged an FIR. We are yet to know who killed my brother,” says Shakeel Ahmad, Riyaz’s brother. JUNAID AHMAD AKHOON Just a day after Junaid Akhoon was killed by government forces at the entrance of his house in Eidgah area of Srinagar, the government called for a probe. But two months after his death, the probe in the case is yet to be initiated. “The probe was just a hoax to calm down the people who had taken to streets after the death of my brother. And what will the government probe? It is they who have given these pellet guns to the forces and asked them to use it. They just follow the orders of their bosses,” says Iqra, Junaid’s sister. Junaid, a 7th standard student, was seeing off his aunt, who had come to see him. “He was enjoying the day with the nieces and then left for prayers. An hour later he went out with his mother to see off our aunt and was shot dead by forces,” says Iqra. The family rushed Junaid to SKIMS Soura, but because of severe blood loss, he succumbed to his injury late in the night. In the morning when people were preparing for the funeral of Junaid, police fired teargas canisters and pellets on the funeral procession. The killing evoked widespread condemnation from political parties who demanded a time bound probe. “Two constables had come to our place in the first week of November and asked us to give details about the killing. We gave them the firsthand account. But nothing happened after that, and nothing will,” says Iqra. Inspector General of Police, SJM Gillani maintained that investigations are going on in these cases. GHULAM MOHAMMAD SOFI Ambulance driver, Ghulam Mohammad Sofi was ferrying patients to SMHS hospital when CRPF personnel fired 365 pellets in his left arm near Safa Kadal. “The doctors say, 100 pellets are still in my arm which needs to be taken out,” says Sofi. With pellets lodged in his arm, Sofi drove the ambulance with his injured hand and reached SMHS hospital where the volunteers rushed him to emergency ward. “The ambulance drivers have been working in the line of fire since the uprising started, but that say I had a smooth passage. No police official stopped me. But at Eidgah, a CRPF man was sitting alone and he looked angry. He asked me to stop, I did and he aimed the pellet gun straight into my face, I hid my face with my hand and he fired the pellet in my arm,” Sofi says. The CRPF man was suspended and a departmental inquiry was initiated, which as of yet has not been completed. Inspector General of CRPF, Atul Karwal said, “The local police will be doing the investigation now, they were too busy in controlling the situation. As far as the departmental inquiry is concerned we need the reports from local police, then only can we close the inquiry.” shafaq@risingkashmir.com
  • Profile picture of Tasaduq Nakash Tear gas shell kills downtown youth death toll rises to 69 • authorities enforce stringent day-night curfew in valley • protests, clashes at many places; over 100 sustain injuries _ kashmir awareness operation praying mantis | A job cost sheet include On: 2016-12-06 06:32:59
    […] Working girl quotes We betrayed people of Kashmir from time to time and it is an fact now Kashmiri people have lost all sorts of trust and faith in India,” Wajahat Habibullah told Kashmir based news agency CNS and added that Kashmir is a big blot on the Indian political system. Site: http://www.kashmirawareness.org/tear-gas-shell-kills-downtown-youth-death-toll-rises-to-69-%E2%80%A2… […]
  • Profile picture of Tasaduq Nakash javeed On: 2016-11-27 03:44:39
    A Kashmiri student was allegedly beaten by his non-Kashmiri college mates in Kharar Mohali in Chandigarh on Friday when he was heading towards his college. Reports said that the student, identified as Haris Shakeel Khan, son of Shakeel of Khan resident of Kadipora Anantnag, was waylaid by the assailants after he left for his college, DOABA group of colleges located at Kharar Chandigarh. He was taken to Civil hospital Kharar for treatment where from he was referred to Govt hospital Chandigarh for further treatment. Reports said that Khan received injuries in his head and backbone and is undergoing treatment at the hospital. “I was proceeding towards the examination centre where I had to appear in Environmental Engineering paper of B. Tech 5th semester. About 15 to 20 students started thrashing me without saying a single word. I received many injuries due to which I could not appear in my examination," he said. Khan alleged that he was beaten because of his Kashmiri identity. “We are being threatened, beaten for no reason. Our only problem is that we are Kashmiri. We appeal to the JK Government to intervene into the matter to end our sufferings.”
  • Profile picture of Tasaduq Nakash muzaffar mir On: 2016-11-12 03:09:27
    Malik shifted to Central jail on remand up to JKLF Condemns house arrest of Geelani, Mirwaiz;Meanwhile, terming re-arresting of Malik and other separatist leaders as worst kind of dictatorship under the disguise of democracy, JKLF vice chairman Mushtaq Ahmad Ajmal said that curbing peaceful voice of people by arrests, nocturnal raids, curfew and restrictions cannot be termed but as worst dictatorship and choking space on peaceful activities actually amounts to denying democracy and freedom of speech. While condemning the house arrest of veteran leader Syed Ali Shah Geelani and Mirwaiz Mohammad Umar Farooq and disallowing Friday prayers at Jamia Masjid Srinagar, Ajmal said the tall claims of democracy and battle of ideas have been exposed now as from last four months even Friday prayers at Jamia Masjid have been banned by ‘so-called democratic rulers’.
  • Profile picture of Tasaduq Nakash waseem qadir On: 2016-11-04 20:41:18
    BOSE Chair Zahoor Ahmad Chatt daugther should have received pellet in her eyes,then we would like how he would conduct exam for his blind children.shame on there indian agents.
  • Profile picture of Tasaduq Nakash Inamsa On: 2016-11-01 02:45:14
    Hurriyat Conference (M) on Monday criticized the former chief minister Omar Abdullah for showing concern over the future of Kashmiri children as “few years ago, he (Omar) didn’t hesitate facilitating the killing of 120 youngsters”.
  • Profile picture of Tasaduq Nakash MAZLOOM On: 2016-10-24 00:00:39
    A recent statement by Narinder Modi of India that he followed Israely MO about carrying out disputed and dubious so called surgical strikes against Azad Kashmir demonstrates the collaboration of the Jewish establishment and the Nazi RSS of India. India needs to learn that with all the oppressive measures Israel has undertaken it has failed to suppress the flame of freedom of occupied Palestinians and India will end up destroying itself in the process of occupation, brutal oppression and scorch earth policy in occupied Jammu and Kashmir. India is trying every possible means it can muster and even her quislings to fool the world regarding it`s genocidal brutalities the rouge and subhuman Indian occupation forces are involved against the people of Jammu and Kashmir. Omar Abdullah who comes from the foremost collaborator and quisling families has been directed by his Indian masters these days to try cover up the facts regarding Indian draconian human rights violation in occupied Jammu and Kashmir. It is the same Omar Abdullah who a while ago was shedding crocodile tears regarding the genocide the Indian government and it`s occupation forces are involved in the occupied land of Jammu and Kashmir. This man`s grand father not only sold his soul for few Indian pennies but subjugated his nation for personal and his family`s material benefit. The quisling family of Omar Abdullah is squarely responsible as to what is going on In Jammu and Kashmir. We all need to recognize and understand this and counter this man`s lies he is selling as a puppet of RSS of India. We need to identify these Indian collaborators and let not only our nation but whole world know that individuals and groups like this man are ready to sell their soul any time for a penny. This man was in charge of puppet set up of India in Jammu and Kashmir in 2010 and he introduced the pellet gun used by the rouge Indian occupation forces then and now resulting in deaths and the loss of vision of more the 1000 innocent human beings so far. He needs to be confronted with the fact that he and his infamous family can not keep on fooling the people in occupied land and in the world and if he has any decency left in him that he should try to redeem himself.
  • Profile picture of Tasaduq Nakash Muzaffar Ahamad On: 2016-10-23 23:42:16
    Yasin Malik severely ill: JKLF ‘Appeals people to pray for his speedy recovery’
  • Profile picture of Tasaduq Nakash Muneer shayir On: 2016-10-20 02:52:56
    A pellet victim’s plea to CM: ‘Bring back my vision, will appear in exams’,Another victim’s mother slams govt for ‘enacting exam drama to show normalcy’
  • Profile picture of Tasaduq Nakash TNN On: 2016-10-18 02:47:07
    At Brics, Russian silence on Pak terror stuns India.China blocked India's attempts to name JeM and LeT in the Goa Declaration, wherein the Brics member states pledged to "relentlessly pursue" outfits designated terrorist groups by the UNSC, but what has hurt the government more, sources said, is Russia's disinclination to argue India's case. The result, of course, was a declaration which failed to address India's core concern, or the issue of state-sponsored terrorism. What compounded the matter for India was Russia's recent military flirtation with Pakistan in the form of an anti-terror exercise. In current global power play, Russia is increasingly seen as needing China more than the other way round, but Moscow's submission to Beijing's position on an issue related to India's security has still come as a revelation to New Delhi. While Russia did not help India name-check JeM, which perpetrated both the Pathankot and Uri attacks, in the declaration, it ensured that Syria-based Jabhat al-Nusra was. As it seeks to bolster the Bashar al-Assad regime, Russia has continued to target al-Nusra, which it accuses of pursuing, through barbaric methods, a caliphate in Syria. Al-Nusra is among the groups fighting to topple al-Assad. Like Nusra, JeM and LeT too are proscribed by the UN. Strategic affairs expert Brahma Chellaney said Moscow appeared willing to accommodate India's concerns, but, in the face of Chinese opposition, shied away. "The result was that the declaration failed to mention the most potent form of terrorism in the world, which is state-sponsored," he added. With Russia doing precious little for India, China has managed to shield Pakistani terrorism not only at the UN Security Council but also at a multilateral summit on Indian soil. In doing so, Chellaney said, China rode roughshod over Indian concerns and showed itself culpable in the killing of 26 Indian soldiers at Uri and Pathankot. Top Comment Ultimately everything boils down to economic prowess of India. Political strength is a function of economic power. There can never be a short cut to gain edge in international political circuit. Indi... Read More Sangeet Kumar SEE ALL COMMENTSADD COMMENT While Russia itself has been the clear winner in terms of Brics' focus on security-related issues, China continues to calls the shots on financial issues, leading to questions about the utility of Brics for India. "China uses Brics to advance its economic and political interests, including dominating the two financial mechanisms that the grouping has set up. But what does India get from Brics?" Chellaney said. "Goa showed that while China manages to get its own way, even at India's expense, Indian officials do little other than put on a brave face. Even earlier, when China secured the right to host the Brics bank, Indian officials were left flaunting a consolation prize — that an Indian would be the bank's first president," he added. The Goa Declaration came just a day after President Vladimir Putin assured PM Narendra Modi that Russia would do nothing to hurt India's interests. But, as MEA secretary Amar Sinha admitted, there was no consensus on naming Pakistan-based terror groups because other nations are not affected by their actions. Stay updated on the go with Times of India News App. Click here to download it for your device.
  • Profile picture of Tasaduq Nakash ikhlas Lone On: 2016-10-10 01:42:02
    Ikhlas Lone 11 hrs · Riyadh, Saudi Arabia · Examination Cancellation Application To: - Uncle Nayeem Akhtar -Education minster Government of J&K From: - Junaid Ahmad Akhoon -SaidPora Srinagar, J&K. Subject: - Cancellation of my Examination. Dear uncle, I want to bring this into your notice that I (Junaid Ahmad Akhoon, Student of Class 7th, Roll number 29, New Bonvivant English School Srinagar) may not be able to Sit in Annual-2016 Examination which you Scheduled to conduct in the Month of November 2016.Because of the reason that I have already traveled very far from you. I was near my Gate when a “friendly looking Police Uncle” came closer to me and shot a pellet towards me. I am pretty sure that it was a mistake as he may have perceived me a wanted stone thrower which I wasn’t. I have no complains to that Police Uncle. My neighbors tried to furry my injured body to hospital but I shortly breathed my last. Though some Doctor Uncle’s tried to put my Dead Body on Ventilator, but my attendants saved me from that torture. Please delete my all old records & results and not to issue any roll no. slip/Result under my name to my family, As we have seen in case of “Shaista Hamid of Lelhar Pulwama”- Who was Declared pass after 2 month of her death. I am grateful to you that you have sent me to a place where my teacher namely “Shabir Ahmed Monga” of Pampore is already there. Now I have plenty of time to study under him and learn the language of Reasoning and Critical thinking. I am also thankful to you for letting me meet my Childhood Friend “Faizan Buhroo of Old Town Varmul” who was caught, Beaten & thrown into River Jhelum from Azad Gunj Bridge Varmul. We will have great time together and roam the streets of heavens without the fear of being killed/Blinded or maimed. Please convey my message to “Mehbooba Aunty” not to come over my Grave. I can’t listen her saying “Aap Mujse Naraaz Tu Nahi” for that matter “Mai Unse Naraaz Nahi Hun”. I am Sorry to Shah Faesal Uncle that I couldn’t be a part of his campaign on kashmirbox.com where he initiated giving books and other stuff to blind children. Though they may have any plan to blind me but the sober policeman uncle killed me instead. I am personally thankful to that policeman uncle who killed me rather than blinding me. And releasing the burden of my parents from “raising a Blind Child than Mourning a Dead Child” As I see the pain of parents of Aamir Kabir Beigh of Old town Varmul who was blinded for buying the medicines for his mother. Please don’t harass my father I will convenience him not to file any report or FIR. I hope you’ll not call him to Police Station and Threat/Harass/Warn him if he tried to demand justice. As I saw in case of Tufail Mattoo's father. I really feel highly obliged to thank you for such a smoky farewell – Only the chosen sons get that kind of farewell. Though my eyes were closed and body motionless but I could feel the freshness of PAVA Shells and Smoke hand grenades. Yours Truly Loving / Caring But not Living Student Junaid Ahmad Akhoon.
  • Profile picture of Tasaduq Nakash MAZLOOM On: 2016-09-19 05:13:53
    The drama in Uri in Indian occupied Kashmir is as usual a clumsy attempt of colonial India to divert the world attention from it`s repression, killing of innocent children, men and women and use of brute force against the people of Indian occupied Jammu and Kashmir. One can logically argue as to why would India indulge in killing it`s own people, in this case army, one has to take a peek in India`s past behavior. Remember Chetti Singhpora of south Kashmir few years ago when Indian army massacred large number of Sikhs in order to impress upon a foreign dignitary as to how Pakistan was interfering in India`s affairs. Staging of fake militant encounters in Assam and Kashmir by Indian army has left it`s hands drenched with innocent blood in these places. ( please refer to books by K Bhattacharjee`s Blood On My Hands and M Khanna`s In A State Of Violent Peace. ) Moreover Indian state never cares about it`s poor people which supplies the lower cadre of army as is evident by it`s tolerance of one ever hour suicide rate of it`s farmers without even talking about it. India needs to Know that it cannot keep fooling the sensible human beings of the World all the time. Jammu and Kashmir will get free from the unholy and bloody clutches of India whether she likes it or not. IA.
  • Profile picture of Tasaduq Nakash Riya Sharma On: 2016-09-15 06:44:56
    Thanks for sharing useful information for us.I really enjoyed reading your blog, you have lots of great content
  • Profile picture of Tasaduq Nakash MAZLOOM On: 2016-09-12 14:22:18
    We all knew that Indian rouge occupation forces did not believe in humanly behavior but after the events in Kareemabad in district Pulwama of occupied Jammu and Kashmir it is clear that this rouge army is populated by subhuman creatures. The home minister of colonizer India has ordered his rouge subhuman army to control the legitimate struggle for freedom of the people of Jammu and Kashmir in a week, this speaks volumes about this individual, his government, his nation and his class of people. We however should not be surprised by this behavior as we have seen the people of this home minister`s nation consider a cow superior to a human being. Human evolution unfortunately has not been a part of Indian brahmin class which still behaves like hyenas. India needs to be reminded that people who are on truth and have lost the fear of death can not be defeated in their struggle for breaking the shackles of enslavement. For me, I ask mercy full Allah SWT hai kahaan rozay makafat aie Khudai darugir.
  • Profile picture of Tasaduq Nakash The one chant that India has been unable to gag; “Hum kya chahtey… azaadi” | Tera News On: 2016-07-28 18:34:27
    […] bid from across the Line of Control at the Machil Sector in North Kashmir’s Kupwara district by killing three ‘militants’ from Pakistan. However, it was subsequently established that the encounter had been staged and […]
  • Profile picture of Tasaduq Nakash Inamsa On: 2016-07-26 02:44:05
    India betrayed people of Kashmir: Wajahat Habibullah on Monday lamented that India failed to win the hearts of people of Kashmir and kept on repeating ‘blunders’ that always proved counterproductive. “I am deeply disappointed the way India has been handling the situation in Kashmir. Innocent civilians are being killed. We betrayed people of Kashmir from time to time and it is an fact now Kashmiri people have lost all sorts of trust and faith in India,” Wajahat Habibullah told Kashmir based news agency CNS and added that Kashmir is a big blot on the Indian political system.

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