From Independence to trifurcation

 

0

If pro-Indian and pro-resistance leaders are desperate for a Kashmir solution, they need not be blamed. Even Sher-e-Kashmir turned desperate in mid 60s. In early 50s he favoured total independence of the state but after remaining inn prison for several years, he started believing that trifurcation of the state could be an ideal solution to the vexed problem.  

A report released on April 20, 2011 at Islamabad says Sher-e-Kashmir favoured armed struggle for liberation of Jammu Kashmir in 1953. The report compiled by noted historian, Shabnam Qayoom is based on the leader’s speech on July 13, 1953 and has been dedicated to Chief Minister, Omar Abdullah.  Qayoom believes Omar is different from his grandfather and father and has the “gut to probe all killings since 1990.”

 

0

If pro-Indian and pro-resistance leaders are desperate for a Kashmir solution, they need not be blamed. Even Sher-e-Kashmir turned desperate in mid 60s. In early 50s he favoured total independence of the state but after remaining inn prison for several years, he started believing that trifurcation of the state could be an ideal solution to the vexed problem.  

A report released on April 20, 2011 at Islamabad says Sher-e-Kashmir favoured armed struggle for liberation of Jammu Kashmir in 1953. The report compiled by noted historian, Shabnam Qayoom is based on the leader’s speech on July 13, 1953 and has been dedicated to Chief Minister, Omar Abdullah.  Qayoom believes Omar is different from his grandfather and father and has the “gut to probe all killings since 1990.”

In the above quoted speech, Sher-e-Kashmir said, “These martyrs have prepared us for bigger sacrifice to achieve our freedom and our right of self-determination. If required, our youth would not desist from fighting a liberation war on the lines of Algerian people.”

Sher-e-Kashmir also said, “I regret my mistake of coming in the way of merger with Pakistan. I had fears that they won’t treat me well, but I was wrong. Now I feel backstabbed, I no longer trust Indian rulers, we have different ways now.”

Shabnam’s report stands corroborated by Constituent Assembly member, Abdul Gani Goni’s interview with this scribe during the summer uprising of 2008 at his Barzulla residence.

Goni said: “By 1948 Sheikh Sahib had realised his mistake of supporting state’s accession with India. He had started dreaming of an independent state and expressed it without any reservations. During those fateful days, Moulana Azad visited Kashmir. Sheikh Abdullah delivered a fiery speech at Hazratbal. Azad also wanted to address the people but Sheikh Abdullah sabotaged the move. A humiliated and angry Azad immediately left for New Delhi.

Soon after, Nehru came to tame his friend (Sheikh Abdullah). He was accompanied by his sister and Home Minister Dr Katju. They stayed in the Nehru Guest house. In their presence a meeting of the National Conference working committee was held. The working committee session continued for four days. The meeting discussed some vital issues pertaining to Kashmir.  A defiant Sheikh told Nehru in clear terms that he and Kashmiris were not happy with state’s accession to India. He sought an independent state much to Nehru’s annoyance. However, Nehru being a matured politician controlled his anger and urged Sheikh Abdullah to stay patient for some time.  He told Nehru: `I and people of Kashmir are not happy with India. Please leave us alone. We want to remain independent.’

Nehru reacted politely.  `A park has been named after me in Srinagar. I was under the impression that people from India would come here to enjoy themselves. Anyways, if you want to remain independent, I have no objection. I am going to London for a conference. After I return I will talk to you.’ Nehru did return from London but not to give independence to Kashmir. He had planned to cage the roaring lion of Kashmir.”

This incident has been narrated by Goni in his autobiography ‘Sada-e-Bazgusht’ on page 54. “Nobody expected Nehru to arrest and dethrone Sheikh Sahib. Soon after the working committee meeting I went to Doda. In Doda I heard about the arrival of a Union Minister Shri Mahavir Tyagi in Srinagar. He was very close to Bakshi. And what happened is history.”

The prolonged imprisonment, it seems adversely affected Sheikh’s nerves. After his release he even considered trifurcation of Jammu Kashmir as suggested by Sir Owen Dixon at one point of time. This stands proved by his letter to Col. Naseer of Egypt in 1965. The letter was published by a Jammu based newspaper and Muslim India a few years ago.

While giving a brief history of the conflict and its impact on global politics, Sher-e-Kashmir wrote “……No doubt the best and most democratic solution could be through a plebiscite should this not be feasible; there are other practicable solutions, suggested in the past. One such solution was made by Sri Owen Dixon, the UN Representative appointed to negotiate a settlement between India and Pakistan. Broadly speaking, Sir Owen Dixon proposed that:
 (a) The southern parts of the state comprising Kathua, Jammu and parts of Udhampur districts (now being predominantly Hindu areas) may be annexed with India.

 (b) The area, now known as Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan being exclusively Muslim be annexed with Pakistan.
 (c) The Valley of Kashmir along with the adjoining areas across Banihal (i.e. the district of Doda and the Niabat of Arnas, Gulab Garh) to be allowed to decide its future through a plebiscite. Leh is to follow the result of plebiscite, held in this territory (Kargil being exclusively Muslim in population to go with the Valley).

Sher-e-Kashmir concluded his letter by seeking Naseer’s help.  “The above proposal can be a very good basis for discussion between India and Pakistan and Kashmir. It is hoped that friendly countries, interested in a settlement, will take up this proposal levels, as well as the international conference.

Needless to say that as earnest effort in this direction will be the greatest service to the cause of peace in the world."
Feed back at din.zahir@gmail.com