The lockdown imposed in occupied Kashmir on August 5 by the Indian government has crossed 150 days, with the the security and communication clampdown now in its fifth month.
With international pressure mounting to restore freedoms, Indian authorities claim they have ‘eased’ some restrictions, such as lifting roadblocks and restoring landlines and some mobile phone services. The scenario for 12.5 million Kashmiris, however, is far from normal.
Here, Dawn.com looks back at the major developments related to occupied Kashmir since India’s move in August 2019.
Aug 3: Tourists flee, troop buildup creates panic
Thousands of tourists and students scrambled to get places on planes and buses leaving Indian-occupied Kashmir after the Indian government warned of the threat of “terror” attacks. Panic gripped occupied Kashmir since late July after India announced deploying at least 10,000 more soldiers to one of the world’s highest militarised areas.
Anxious tourists flee occupied Kashmir after India’s ‘terror’ warning
India’s troop buildup triggers panic among residents in occupied Kashmir
India tries to marginalise Kashmiri leaders by detaining dozens
Aug 5: India revokes Article 370 through rushed presidential decree
With an indefinite security lockdown in Indian-occupied Kashmir (IoK) and elected representatives under house arrest, India’s ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) stripped Kashmiris of the special autonomy they had for seven decades through a rushed presidential order.
By repealing Article 370 of the constitution, people from the rest of India will now have the right to acquire property in occupied Kashmir and settle there permanently. Kashmiris as well as critics of India’s Hindu nationalist-led government see the move as an attempt to dilute the demographics of Muslim-majority Kashmir with Hindu settlers.
‘Day of shame’: Indian opposition slams BJP move to revoke occupied Kashmir’s special status
Former IoK chief ministers Mufti, Abdullah placed under house arrest; curfew-like restrictions imposed
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Explainer: What India’s change to occupied Kashmir’s status means
Aug 8: 500 arrested, clampdown challenged in Supreme Court
Indian security forces arrested more than 500 people since August 5, it emerged.
Police taking an activist of Jammu and Kashmir Youth Congress into custody during a protest against the Indian government on Aug 10. — AFP/File
A petition was filed in India’s top court challenging the lockdown by opposition Congress party activist Tehseen Poonawalla, seeking immediate lifting of curfew and other restrictions, including blocking of phone lines, internet and news channels in Kashmir.
He also sought the immediate release of Kashmiri leaders who have been detained, including Omar Abdullah and Mehbooba Mufti.
Pakistan suspends trade ties with India, asks Indian envoy to leave
Special status for occupied Kashmir ‘fed terrorism’, Modi says in TV address
Protester dies in occupied Kashmir lockdown
Aug 9: Thousands protest over new status despite clampdown
Indian police used tear gas and pellets to fight back at least 10,000 people protesting Delhi’s withdrawal of special rights for Jammu and Kashmir in its main city of Srinagar.
The crowd was pushed back by police at Aiwa bridge, where a witness said tear gas and pellets were used against them. “Some women and children even jumped into the water,” a witness said at Srinagars Sher-e-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, where pellet victims were admitted.
“They (police) attacked us from two sides,” another witness said.
A Kashmiri mother tells her son to not come home for Eid
UN chief calls for ‘maximum restraint’ in occupied Kashmir
Kashmiris queue up to contact relatives outside occupied valley
Aug 14, 15: Pakistan observes ‘Kashmir Solidarity Day’, ‘Black Day’
Pakistan observed Independence Day as ‘Kashmir Solidarity Day’ to express solidarity with Kashmiris and highlight their plight. Prime Minister Imran Khan, while addressing a special session of the Azad Jammu and Kashmir legislative assembly on August 14, warned Indian premier Narendra Modi that any action by India in Pakistan would be countered with a stronger response.
August 15, India’s Independence Day, was observed as Black Day across Pakistan. Prime Minister Imran warned that should ethnic cleansing of Muslims take place in the region, there would be severe repercussions in the Muslim world.
‘Time needed to restore order in Kashmir,’ says Indian apex court
Modi uses India’s Independence Day to defend changes in occupied Kashmir
Thousands protest in Britain for Kashmir outside Indian High Commission
Indian business ties underpin muted Arab response to New Delhi’s actions in occupied Kashmir
Aug 16: UNSC Kashmir moot gives lie to Indian claim
For the first time since 1965, the UN Security Council (UNSC) held a meeting exclusively on occupied Jammu and Kashmir, nullifying India’s claim that this was an internal matter.
Although the council did not agree on a statement, China’s UN Ambassador Zhang Jun summed up the discussions, expressing serious concern over the situation.
“The UNSC members are concerned about the human rights situation there and they (want) the parties concerned to refrain from taking any unilateral action that might further aggravate the tension there since the situation is already very tense and very dangerous,” he said.
Srinagar turned into a maze of razor wire and steel barriers
Hundreds of protestors clash with police in occupied Kashmir
PM Imran takes Trump into confidence on Kashmir
A birth and a death amid occupied Kashmir’s harsh lockdown
Aug 18: Thousands detained since India took away autonomy
A magistrate, speaking to AFP on condition of anonymity, said that since August 5, at least 4,000 people were arrested and held under the Public Safety Act (PSA), a controversial law that allows authorities to imprison someone for up to two years without charge or trial.
“Most of them were flown out of Kashmir because prisons here have run out of capacity,” the magistrate said, adding that he had used a satellite phone allocated to him to collate the figures from colleagues across the Himalayan territory amid a communications blackout imposed by authorities.
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‘UNSC, OIC have responded positively to Pakistan’s call,’ says FM Qureshi
‘How long should Kashmiris wait for peace?’ US media asks UN
Schools deserted in occupied Kashmir as parents fear more unrest
Aug 23: Kashmiris defy curbs, clash with Indian forces
Occupation forces used tear gas against stone-throwing residents in Srinagar, after a third straight week of protests in the restive Soura district despite the imposition of tight restrictions.
Kashmiri residents throw stones towards Indian security forces during restrictions in Srinagar. — Reuters/File
“We are neither safe at home, nor outside,” said Rouf, who declined to give his full name. He had rubbed salt into his face to counteract the effects of tear gas.
Police tried to enter Soura, which has emerged as a centre of the protests, as hundreds of locals staged a protest march against Modi’s decision to withdraw autonomy. Posters appeared overnight in Srinagar, calling for a march to the office of the UN Military Observer Group for India and Pakistan, to protest against India’s decision.
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US lawmakers urge India to end occupation of Kashmir
Families demand answers for ‘unaccounted for’ deaths in occupied Kashmir
Something grave happening in Kashmir: Indian leader
Teens swept up in night raids in occupied Kashmir clampdown
Aug 26: India stops politicians from visiting occupied Kashmir
Indian authorities defended blocking opposition politicians from visiting occupied Kashmir, saying it was to “avoid controversy”, as the crippling security lockdown entered its fourth week.
The administration of occupied Kashmir sent back a delegation of India’s top opposition leaders, including former Congress president Rahul Gandhi, shortly after they landed in Srinagar. Afterwards, Rahul Gandhi said that he had experienced firsthand “the draconian administration and brute force unleashed on the Jammu & Kashmir people”.
The Kashmir crisis shows how far political opposition in India has been eroded
India’s top opposition leaders sent back from occupied Kashmir after landing in Srinagar
Diary of a Kashmiri poet: ‘If we have to die, if it’s in our fate, come home, let’s die together’
Press Council of India slammed for backing government’s restrictions in occupied Kashmir
Aug 30: Stories of torture emerge, India tries to portray ‘normalcy’
People in occupied Kashmir accused Indian security forces of carrying out beatings and torture in the wake of the government’s decision to strip the region of its autonomy, BBC News reported, as India tried to portray “calm, normalcy” in the region.
The BBC heard from several villagers who said they were beaten with sticks and cables, and given electric shocks. The author of the article, journalist Sameer Hashmi, wrote that residents in several villages showed him injuries. “Doctors and health officials are unwilling to speak to journalists about any patients regardless of ailments, but the villagers showed me injuries alleged to have been inflicted by security forces,” he said.
Pakistanis observe ‘Kashmir Hour’ on call of PM Imran
Indian authorities refuse to issue death certificates for civilians killed in occupied Kashmir clashes: report
US congresswoman calls for ‘immediate restoration of communication’ in occupied Kashmir
Doctor arrested in occupied Kashmir for appealing to Indian govt to restore telephone, internet services
India’s Supreme Court issues notice to govt on petitions regarding revocation of Article 370
Sep 3: Thousands march to Indian High Commission in London as lockdown enters 30th day
Thousands of protesters took out a rally in London to express solidarity with the people of Indian-occupied Kashmir, as a crippling lockdown entered its 30th day.
A boy attending the protest holds a placard that describes Narendra Modi as another Hitler. — Dawn/File
More than 5,000 protesters assembled at Parliament Square in the British capital and marched to the Indian High Commission to protest Kashmiris’ oppression at the hands of Indian security forces. Protesters carrying placards and waving Kashmir flags chanted slogans of “Terrorist terrorist, Modi is a terrorist!” and “Hum chheen kay lain gay — azaadi!” (We will take by force — freedom!).
Srinagar mayor placed under house arrest following comments on occupied Kashmir
PM Imran, US Senator Sanders call attention to India’s ‘unacceptable’ actions in occupied Kashmir
India rapidly losing its secular veneer: US congressman
OIC condemns ‘inhuman curfew’; calls for immediate restoration of civil liberties in occupied Kashmir
Sep 5: Amnesty International launches ‘urgent campaign’ to end blackout
Amnesty International India launched a global campaign in a bid to highlight the human cost of the month-long lockdown in occupied Kashmir.
“The draconian communication blackout in [occupied] Kashmir is an outrageous protracted assault on the civil liberties of the people of Kashmir,” read a press release by the human rights watchdog.
“In response to this indefinite communication blackout, Amnesty International India has launched the campaign #LetKashmirSpeak on 5 September, 2019 – which marks a month of the communications blackout, to ask for immediate lifting of the lockdown,” stated Amnesty International India.
Kashmiri activist booked for sedition over statements against Indian army
Pakistan observes Defence Day as Kashmir Solidarity Day
Pakistan rejects India’s efforts to portray ‘normalcy’ in occupied Kashmir
Landline phones back in occupied Kashmir but calls still not going through
India throttling media in occupied Kashmir, says report
Sep 15: Number of protests held since Aug 5 more than 700
A senior government source said since August 5, an average of 20 protests per day took place in occupied Kashmir against Indian rule. Despite a curfew, restrictions on movement and the severe curtailment of internet and mobile phone services, public demonstrations against India — mostly in the largest city Srinagar — have been constant, the official said.
Altogether 722 protests were recorded since August 5, with Baramulla district in the northwest and Pulwama in the south the biggest hotspots after Srinagar, the source said.
‘They’re marauding our homes like a victorious army’: Kashmiris accuse Indian troops of beatings, abuse
India arrests senior Kashmir leader under controversial law
‘The time to act is now’: PM Imran urges UN to probe human rights abuses in occupied Kashmir
Lockdown tightened in Srinagar over Muharram processions
Official data reveals detention of thousands in occupied Kashmir crackdown
Sep 21: Lockdown puts economy in tailspin
In one of the world’s largest apple growing regions, the lockdown cut transport links with buyers in India and abroad, plunging the industry into turmoil. Despite being harvest time, the market in the northern Kashmiri town of Sopore — usually packed with people, trucks and produce at this time of year — remained empty, while in orchards across occupied Jammu and Kashmir unpicked apples rot on the branch.
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‘They gave me electric shocks in a dark room’: Screams in the night in occupied Kashmir
Kashmir situation alarms US Congress
Family of Kashmiri teenager alleges he committed suicide after being beaten by Indian army
Sep 28: Pakistan, Turkey and Malaysia speak up for Kashmiris at UNGA
Prime Minister Imran arrived in the United States for a week of global diplomacy, with his trip dubbed ‘Mission Kashmir’. The highlight of his more than 45-minute-long speech at the 74th session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York was intense criticism of India for its annexation of occupied Kashmir and the continued restrictions imposed in the region.
Mohammad Siddiq, 70, said he was wounded when an Indian police man fired a pellet gun at him while returning home from a mosque, badly damaging his left eye. — AP/File
“(Nearly) 100,000 Kashmiris have died in the past 30 years because they were denied their right of self-determination. Eleven thousand women were raped. The world hasn’t done anything,” he said. “What is going to happen will be a blood bath. The people will come out.”
Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad at the forum said said despite UN resolutions, the territory had been invaded and occupied. In his address, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan criticised the international community for failing to pay attention to the Kashmir conflict, which, he said, awaits solution for 72 years.
Indian police tighten restrictions in occupied Kashmir after PM Imran’s UNGA speech
Anti-Modi protesters make presence felt at Houston rally
PM Imran briefs US legislators about India’s excesses
UN chief calls for dialogue to resolve ‘heightened tensions’ in South Asia
US presses India to ‘rapidly’ ease restrictions in occupied Kashmir
Oct 1: 9-year-old among 144 minors detained
A police list seen by AFP showed that Indian authorities in occupied Kashmir had detained 144 minors, including a nine-year-old, since the government removed the region’s special status in August.
Sixty of the minors were under 15, according to the document submitted to a committee appointed by India’s Supreme Court to look into allegations of illegal detentions. Reasons given by the police for detaining the minors included stone pelting, rioting and causing damage to public and private property, the committee said in its report.
India’s Supreme Court grants govt 4 weeks to file its response to petitions; next hearing on November 14
Communications blockade in occupied Kashmir must end: US lawmaker Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez
Barricades and books: life in a Srinagar neighbourhood
Oct 3: Lockdown and communications clampdown in effect for 2 months
The lockdown and communications blackout in occupied Kashmir entered its 60th day on Oct 3 as millions remained isolated from the world and concerns were raised about lack of medical supplies in the area. Scores of British Kashmiris in London gathered at Parliament Square for a candlelight vigil to mark two months from the date that the Indian government revoked Article 370.
Meanwhile, Prime Minister Imran cautioned people of Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) against crossing the Line of Control to support the struggle of the residents of occupied Kashmir.
India clampdown hits occupied Kashmir’s Silicon Valley
Mishal Malik calls for UN peacekeepers in occupied Kashmir
Chanting anti-India slogans, JKLF marchers head to LoC
US presidential candidate expresses concern over events in occupied Kashmir
Oct 6: Kashmiri party delegation meets detained leadership after 2 months
The Indian administration granted permission to a delegation from the National Conference party to meet their top two leaders. The meeting with party President Farooq Abdullah and Vice President Omar Abdullah took place in Srinagar.
National Conference spokesperson Madan Mantoo told Press Trust of India that the Indian government granted permission after provincial head Devender Singh Rana made a request to Satya Pal Malik, occupied Jammu and Kashmir’s governor.
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Kashmiri women, children living in armed cage, Pakistan tells UN
‘Will continue to urge India to lift curfew, release all prisoners,’ say US senators after visit to AJK
Oct 10: India decides to lift travel advisory while residents continue to live under lockdown
India will lift a travel advisory on occupied Kashmir, said authorities. “The governor [Satya Pal Malik] directed that the Home Department’s advisory asking tourists to leave the Valley be lifted immediately. This will be done with effect from October 10,” an official spokesman was quoted as saying by India Today.
Authorities also released three low-level politicians, Yawar Mir, Noor Mohammed and Shoaib Lone, in occupied Kashmir amid international pressure to ease clampdown.
Kashmir, the valley without a curfew pass
India says post-paid cellphone connections restored in occupied Kashmir
India blocks SMS services in occupied Kashmir after trucker killed
Oct 15: Farooq Abdullah’s sister, daughter detained for holding ‘anti-India protest’
Police detained at least 12 women, including the sister and daughter of former occupied Jammu and Kashmir chief minister Farooq Abdullah, for holding an anti-India protest.
Kashmiri women argue with an Indian police officer after they were stopped from staging a protest in Srinagar. ─ AP/File
The women, carrying placards reading “Respect Fundamental Rights” and “Why downgrade Jammu and Kashmir,” assembled in a park in Srinagar. Police whisked them away to a nearby police station as they tried to march through the main business area of Lal Chowk.
Before the phones came back to life, Kashmiri families could not even mourn their dead
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Oct 24: India holds village council polls despite lockdown, boycott by parties
Village council elections were held across occupied Kashmir, with the detention of many mainstream local politicians and a boycott by most parties prompting expectations that the polls would install supporters of BJP.
Indian officials hoped the election of leaders of more than 300 local councils would lend credibility amid a political vacuum and contended they would represent local interests better than corrupt state-level political officials.
Heavy contingents of police and paramilitary soldiers guarded polling stations across the region. At some places, soldiers patrolled streets around polling stations. Police said no violence was reported.
UN, US call for Pak-India dialogue to reduce tensions
‘All of Pakistan stands by you,’ PM Imran tells Kashmiris on Black Day
All the spin in the world cannot change the situation on the ground in occupied Kashmir
Oct 29: Far-right Euro MPs visit occupied Kashmir as UN body demands full restoration of human rights
Nearly 30 Euro MPs, drawn mainly from extreme right-wing parties, were the first international delegation to visit occupied Kashmir since authorities imposed a security clampdown in August to back the ending of the region’s autonomy. While the Indian government backed the visit, the European parliament and European Union hierarchy were not involved, raising some diplomatic doubts.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), meanwhile, expressed “extreme concern” over human rights abuses in occupied Kashmir and asked the Indian authorities to “fully restore” human rights in the occupied territory.
The human rights body also criticised the Indian judiciary over the way it is dealing with the situation in occupied Kashmir. “The Supreme Court of India has been slow to deal with petitions concerning habeas corpus, freedom of movement and media restrictions,” it said.
Clashes erupt as far-right EU lawmakers visit occupied Kashmir
Blinded by pellets, Kashmiri children images stun world
Oct 31: Occupied Kashmir officially loses special status and is divided
Shops and offices were shut in occupied Kashmir and the streets largely deserted as federal authorities formally revoked the restive area’s constitutional autonomy and split it into two federal territories.
An Indian soldier stands guard as the Indian flag flies atop the government secretariat in Srinagar on Oct 31.—AP
Just after midnight on Oct 30, the federal government’s orders went into effect, dividing up occupied Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories; one Jammu and Kashmir, and the other the Buddhist-dominated high altitude region of Ladakh. “Everything changes on Thursday,” said a retired Kashmiri judge, Hasnain Masoodi, a member of India’s Parliament. “The entire exercise is unconstitutional. The mode and methodology have been undemocratic. People were humiliated and never consulted.”
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Nov 3: Pakistan rejects new maps by India
On November 2, the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs issued a notification detailing the boundaries of the so called union territories of occupied Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh and also issued a new political map of India.
The new map showed areas under AJK inside Ladakh, and not in Jammu and Kashmir as depicted earlier.
A day later, as the lockdown hit the 90-day mark, Pakistan rejected the political maps of India, saying the maps issued by India were “incorrect, legally untenable, void and in complete violation of the relevant United Nations Security Council resolutions”.
A day later, at least one person was killed and 17 wounded in a grenade blast at a crowded market in Srinagar. 18 people were also injured.
New Pakistan envoy to UN vows to advance Kashmir cause
India’s new ‘map’
Nov 12: Occupied Kashmir marks 100 days of annexation
Dozens of journalists held a silent demonstration against the internet blackout, holding their laptops with blank screens or placards with the words “100 days no internet” and “stop humiliating Kashmir journalists”.
Authorities justified the ban as necessary to ‘‘stop fighters from neighbouring Pakistan from using internet to fan radicalisation’’ in occupied Kashmir. They instead set up an office with 10 internet-enabled stations for around 200 working journalists, who queue up to use the computers for 15 minutes each.
The very next day, the Congressional Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission held a hearing to “examine the human rights situation in the former state of Jammu and Kashmir in India in historical and national context”.
“We have concerns about Kashmir, and we are watching the situation very closely,” said Eliot L. Engel, Chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, as another congressional panel reviewed the consequences of India’s decision to revoke the valley’s special status.
Pakistan lauded the US commission for becoming the voice of Kashmiris “brutally silenced by India”.
Senators slam UN for not implementing its resolutions on Kashmir
Govt has mishandled Kashmir issue, claims opposition in Senate
The struggle of Kashmiri women during Indian lockdown
Nov 17: Ex Indian army official faces backlash for remarks advocating rape, death in Kashmir
President Arif Alvi termed the remarks of a former Indian army official advocating the rape of Kashmiri women as “disgraceful”. “Imagine the fate of women in Indian occupied Kashmir where such men wield power with total impunity,” he added.
In a tweet, the president condemned the comments made by retired Major General SP Sinha on a TV show on Hindi news channel TV9 Bharatvarsh, in India, in which he can be heard saying: “Death in return for death, rape in return for rape.”
Pakistan also rejected the “unfounded remarks” made by the Indian external affairs minister in an interview with a French newspaper and during his interaction with certain other media outlets that the “situation is back to normal” in Kashmir.
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Indian repression fuelling militancy in held Kashmir, warns HR watchdog
Kashmiri demands echo in US Congress panel
Nov 25: Indian team barred from going outside Srinagar
In a stark indication that the situation in occupied Kashmir is far from normal, a delegation of civil society activists from India was stopped by police from going outside Srinagar.
The Times of India reported that for the second consecutive day, the five-member delegation led by former Union minister Yashwant Sinha was not allowed to go out of the main city of occupied Kashmir.
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Grenade attacks in held Kashmir leave two dead
Qureshi again takes up Kashmir issue with UN officials
Dec 7: Resolution in US Congress seeks end to repression
A bipartisan resolution moved in the US Congress urged India to end the restrictions on communications and mass detentions in occupied Kashmir as swiftly as possible and preserve religious freedom for all residents.
Resolution 745 was jointly moved by Congresswoman Pramila Jayapal, a Democrat, and Congressman Steve Watkins, a Republican. Born in Madras (Chennai), Jayapal is the first Indian-American woman to serve in the US House of Representatives.
The movers rejected arbitrary detention, use of excessive force against civilians, and suppression of peaceful expression of dissent as proportional responses to security challenges.
A day later, a four-member delegation of human rights activists from Canada after meeting Mushaal Hussein Mullick, the wife of imprisoned Kashmiri leader Mohammad Yasin Malik, vowed to raise their voice against excesses being committed by India in occupied Kashmir.
India, Kashmir & deterrence
Canadian activists vow to highlight atrocities in Kashmir
Swedish king speaks up for occupied Kashmir
Dec 10: Imran urges global community to act
In his message on global Human Rights Day, Prime Minister Imran Khan appealed to the international community to act against the “illegal annexation” of occupied Kashmir by the Indian government.
“On Human Rights Day, we must appeal to the world’s conscience, to upholders of international law [and] to the UNSC to act against the illegal annexation of IOJK by the Indian occupation government,” he said in a tweet.
That day, India was set to allow some incoming text messages into Kashmir, officials said, four months after they were first blocked when New Delhi moved to strip the region’s autonomy.
They will still be unable to send messages, the officials said.
‘Beaten, heckled, made examples of’: Detained Kashmiri minors speak out
‘Spiritual torture’: India’s crackdown hits religious freedom in occupied Kashmir
India has placed missile launchers in held Kashmir, UN told
Dec 20: Indian FM cancels meeting with US lawmakers over Kashmir criticism
Indian External Affairs Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar cancelled a meeting with senior members of the United State’s Congress this week over Kashmir criticisms, the Washington Post reported.
According to the report, US lawmakers had refused demands to exclude from the meeting a congresswoman, Pramila Jayapal, who had criticised the Indian government’s actions and policies in the occupied valley.
“It’s wrong for any foreign government to tell Congress what members are allowed in meetings on Capitol Hill,” said Senator Kamala Harris when India’s External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar refused to attend a meeting with American lawmakers because Congresswoman Pramila Jayapal was also on the guestlist.
Riyadh plans OIC FMs meeting on Kashmir
India-occupied Kashmir suffers $2.4bn economic losses since lockdown
Dec 31: India to restore text messaging services in occupied Kashmir
Authorities in occupied Kashmir announced they will restore text messaging services in the disputed region, almost five months after the security and communications lockdown. Local government spokesman Rohit Kansal said the decision was made after a review of the situation. He said broadband internet services in government-run hospitals will also be restored.