v J&K six parliamentary Lok Sabha constituencies witnessed electoral process in 5 phases from 10 April to 17 May 2014. 7,00,0000 registered voters (36,57,877 males & 32,75,241 females) cast votes at 9,633 polling stations across J&K at 7,346 locations (4,059 declared sensitive).
v Baramula Constituency (7 May 2014). Spread over districts Kupwara, Baramula & Bandipora. 1,189,120 electorates (6,22,632 males, 504,053 females and 28 others) with 1616 polling stations. 40% claimed turnout as compared to 2009 Lok Sabha elections (41%). CRPF / Indian Army (23,000) were deployed.
v Srinagar Constituency (30 APRIL 2014). Comprises of districts Budgam, Ganderbal & Srinagar with 12, 06, 919 electorate (576,035 males & 530,694 female). 26% claimed turnout as compared to 2009 Lok Sabha elections (25%). Around 2500 migrant voters also exercised their franchise in special polling booths set up in Jammu, Udhampur and Delhi. 1546 polling stations were set up across the Parliamentary Constituency, which included 233 critical and 1021 hypersensitive. Majority of the areas witnessed low turnout, however, certain pockets witnessed moderate polling raising the poll average of Srinagar district to 11.46 percent. Ganderbal and Budgam witnessed moderate turn out. CRPF / Indian Army (35,000) were deployed.
v Anantnag Constituency (24 April 2014). Comprises of districts Anantnag, Pulwama, Shopian and Kulgam with1,176,223 electorates (611,571 males & 564,652 females). 28% claimed turnout as compared to 2009 Lok Sabha elections (27%). 582 polling stations were hypersensitive out of 1615 polling stations. CRPF / Indian Army (21,000) were deployed
v Ladakh Constituency 7 MAY 2014. Comprises of districts Leh and Kargil. 152,491 electorates (77,943 males & 74,548 females). Out of 152,491 electorates 1,14,957 exercised their right to franchise. ITBP / CRPF / Indian Army (12,000) were deployed
v Udahmpur Constituency (17 APRIL 2014). Comprises of districts Reasi, Udhampur, Doda, Kathua, Ramban and Kishtwar. 72% claimed turnout as compared to 2009 Lok Sabha elections (45%) electorates (almost 27% increase depicted) through 2,051 polling stations. CRPF / Indian Army (24,000) were deployed
v Jammu Constituency (10 APRIL 2014). Comprises of districts Jammu, Rajauri, Samba & Poonch. CRPF / Indian Army (13,000) were deployed at 2,271 polling stations. 70% claimed turnout as compared to 2009 Lok Sabha elections (49.71%) electorates (almost 21% increase depicted).
HUMAN RIGHT VIOLATIONS
v Human Right Violations (January 1989 to May 2014 )
Ø Total Killings / Shuhadas – 94,025
Ø Women Widowed – 22,778
Ø Children Orphaned – 107,469
Ø Women Gang-raped / Molested – 10,115
Ø Structures Arson / Destroyed – 106,004
Recent Human Rights Incidents
v Secretive hanging of Afzal Guru (9 Feb 2013) in Tihar Jail; the situation became tense and Indian authorities took extreme steps including arrest of Hurriyat leadership, use of brute force, curfew, ban on media / social networking sites to suppress the protesters / agitation by Kashmiris (23 killed & 500 injured) to mount pressure for handing over mortal remains of Afzal Guru and Maqbool Bhat
v Ramban Incident (18 July 2013); 4 civilians were killed and 24 injured by Indian Security Force following the incident of desecration of Holly Quran and beating of Imam of the mosque
v Budgam Incident (23 July 2013); sectarian clashes erupted after nominal accident of vehicles, resulted in damage to houses, mosque, orchards and few individuals were also injured
v Kishtwar Incident (09 August 2013); communal clashes erupted on the eve of Eid-ul-Fitr (3 civilians killed & 20 injured, 68 shops, 7 hotels & 35 vehicles damaged, Curfew imposed & 110 Kashmiris were arrested)
v Search operations are continuing in different parts of Kashmir, where the Kashmiris are being harassed, arrested, humiliated and even killed
v Shopian Incidents (07 & 11 September 2013); 5 youth were killed when CRPF fired on 6 youth riding two bikes in Shopian. Indian authorities took extreme steps i.e arrest of Hurriyat leadership, use of brute force to suppress the protesters / agitation by Kashmiri masses (50 injured and curfew imposed for 25 days)
v Baramulla Incident, Irfan was killed in police action (02 October 2013). 47 Civilians were injured in police action at Baramulla & Sopore on 05 October; witnessed complete shutdown on the Chaharum of Irfan. Violent protests / clashes amid numerous teargas shells lobbed by police which resorted to cane charge to disperse hundreds of protesters Chanting pro-freedom and anti-Indian slogans. The roads also presented a deserted look with transport off the roads and for the fourth consecutive day all shops, offices, schools and colleges, petrol pumps, banks and other business institutions remained closed against the killing. Border Security Force (BSF) was also deployed.
v Naidkhai Incident, Farhat Ahmad Dar was shotdead (14 March 2014) by the Indian forces. Farhat’s (18 age) killing triggered massive protests across north Kashmir. In retaliation, the angry youth pelted stones on the police, triggering clashes and Border Security Force (BSF) was deployed to control the situation.
v Hajin Incident (20 March 2014) One youth killed and 30 injured by Indian security forces in IOK. Indian authorities Indian authorities took extreme steps i.e arrest of Hurriyat leadership, use of brute force.
v Nawakadal, Srinagar Incident (30 April 2014) One civilian killed and 4 injured when Indian forces opened fire on group of youth. Complete shutdown was observed in many major cities of IOK
HUMAN RIGHT VIOLATIONS
(LOK SABHA) ELECTIONS
v Anti Election Campaign;
Ø Over 1200 hundred protest processions, rallies, candle lit gathering and protest march witnessed during Jan to May 2014 in entire Jammu & Kashmir region organized by Hurriyat Conference (G), Hurriyat Conference Jammu Kashmir (HCJK), JKLF & Hurriyat Conference (M).
Ø Right of freedom of speech denied by the occupation forces through seizure of leadership movement, arrest/ raids / search operations and masses were also deprived of the right of emancipation / participation.
Ø Pro-freedom leadership run door to door anti election and appealed masses to ensure boycott of the sham elections.
v Pre-polling Plan, Arrests of Political Leadership Prior Elections
Ø Police and Indian security forces tightening grip around the pro-freedom leadership and they were not allowed to reach the public. They have not only been detained but also assaulted with rifles and canes and injured as “mere frustration of rulers.”
Ø Time & again DGP befools international community by issuing statements that nobody from resistance camp will be arrested or stopped for peaceful political activities.
Ø The puppet authorities had deployed additional 15000 to 35,000 military and paramilitary personnel during various election phases in the name of conducting polls. Clashes between protesters and the personnel of Indian forces were witnessed regularly.
Ø Syed Ali Geelani, Hurriyat Conference (G) chairman remained under house arrest and a large number of CRPF and police personnel had been stationed outside Geelani’s residence and he was not allowed to move out.
Ø Hurriyat Conference Jammu Kashmir (HCJK) senior leader Shabir Ahmad Shah/ leaders (included senior HCJK leaders particularly National Front chairman Nayeem Ahmad Khan, Muslim League chairman Mushtaq ul Islam, Islamic Political Party chairman Muhammad Yusuf Naqash, Muslim Conference chairman Shabir Ahmad Dar, Aijaz Ahmad of Liberation Front and Muhammad Yasin Ataai) were arrested and detained in police stations.
Ø Yasin Malik Chairman JKLF regular detention at the Kothi Bagh police station and releases erupted clashes in Kashmir to prevent him for holding / leading election boycott campaigns. JKLF Vice Chairman Bashir Ahmad Bhat along with hundreds of JKLF activists were also taken into custody.
Ø Masses observed complete shutdowns soon after every news of leadership’s arrest spread. It triggered protests, with youth clashing Indian forces.
Ø Torture & Arrests.
§ Over 1400 youth including scores of leaders and activists were arrested prior elections, while several hundred were detained during various phases of the elections. These arrests were part of the security effort to facilitate the parliament polls.
§ These people who have been taken into custody, mostly the youth were either detained in raids or were called to police station and later detained.
§ Police also launched a crackdown and arrested dozens of youth on charges of stone pelting and anti-election protests.
§ Locals alleged that police and paramilitary CRPF barged into the houses, after the polling on south Kashmir Lok Sabha seat, and thrashed the inmates ruthlessly. “Even women were not spared and property was vandalized by angry cops at many places”.
§ The local journalists in Pulwama alleged that some of them were manhandled by police personnel and a couple of cameras snatched from the photojournalists. The journalists later held a sit in after which the cameras were returned.
Ø Crackdown On Facebook Pages. Police registered cases against some people who allegedly post ‘incorrect, frivolous and fake information’ on social networking sites, particularly Facebook. Police identified 13 pages “responsible for posting baseless and unfounded information and have registered cases against these Facebook pages / persons running the pages are being identified. These pages are Kashmir News Agency, Loving Kashmir, Youths of Downtown-Kashmir, 24X7 Breaking News, Kashmir Banega Pakistan, Pahallan the city of Hurriyat G, Ganderbal News Agency, All (J&K) Breaking News Alert, True Muhajid, Election Boycott, Voice of Kashmir Youth, Youths of Down Town & Voice of Unspoken Kashmir.
Ø Forced Balloting.
§ In some areas, the occupation authorities with the help of troops forcibly dragged people to the polling booths. Army vehicles were seen moving in different villages threatening people to come out of homes and cast votes.
§ Apparently, propagated to ensure the video graphic, web casting, issuance of Photo Voter Slip (PVS) / Electoral Photo Identity Card (EPIC), photography of the polling booths besides presence of central / micro observers whereas actually the situation remained far from the propagated stance as violations of the Model Code of Conduct for the Government / political parties and non-availability of the flying squads established to ensure strict adherence of the Code of Conduct.
§ Although for the first time in J&K, the voters were provided an option of ‘None of the Above (NATO)’ to reject all the contesting candidates but unfortunately several incidents were reported for enforced voting attempts under compulsions from Indian security forces and paramilitary in J&K.
Ø Masses & Leadership Reaction resulted in shape of protest procession and incidents of Stone Pelting in entire occupied Kashmir.
Ø Not a single vote was cost