The 2016 report of National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) has revealed that the number of civilians killed in lathi charge last year was nearly double the number than those who died in police firing.
As per the NCRB report 44 civilians were killed in police lathi charge and firing across the state. Of them 29 were killed in incidents of lathi charge by police—highest in India.
In lathi charge, 375 were injured in 1959 incidents of police firings during 2016 and the number of cases registered was 1909.
15 civilians were killed in police firing in the State last year, as per the data.
As many as 189 civilians were injured in 42 incidents of firing by police in the State.
Kashmir witnessed over five-month-long turmoil last year following killing of Hizbul Mujahideen commander, Burhan Wani in an encounter with forces on July 8, 2016.
As per NCRB, 375 civilians were injured due to lathi charge by police.
The NCRB statistics doesn’t mention use of pump action (pellet) guns or tear smoke shells by forces.
The NCRB figures on injuries is contrary to the state government data about civilian injuries during 2016 unrest.
As per the data compiled by deputy commissioners of Baramulla, Shopian, Ganderbal, Kulgam, Kupwara, Pulwama, Srinagar and Anantnag, which was submitted to SHRC recently, over 3000 civilians were injured in pellet firing last year.
Human rights watch dog, Amnesty International (AI) India, in its report released on September 13 this year called for immediate ban on use of pellet guns against protestors in Kashmir.
The AI study “Losing Sight in Kashmir: The Impact of Pellet-Firing Shotguns”, documented 88 cases whose eyesight was affected by metal pellets fired from pump-action shotguns used by the police and paramilitary CRPF men between 2014 and 2017.
“Authorities claim the pellet shotgun is not lethal, but the injuries and deaths caused by this (cruel) weapon bear testimony to how dangerous, inaccurate and indiscriminate it is. There is no proper way to use pellet-firing shotguns. It is irresponsible for authorities to continue the use of these shotguns despite being aware of the damage they do,” AI had said.
About the police causalities, the NCRB data reveals that one policeman was killed and 5050 injured in the state by the “riotous mob, opening of fire by militants or in action by anti‐social elements,” both during lathi charge and police firing last year.
Of the 5050 police personnel injured, 4502 were injured in routine mob violence, notes the report released by Union Home Minister, Rajnath Singh, on November 30 in New Delhi.
At least 548 policemen were injured in mob violence during 42 incidents of police firing in the state last year, further states the NCRB data,
As per the statistics, 4 civilians were killed and 8 injured in Jharkhand, 1 civilian each was killed in Maharashtra and Chandigarh in incidents of lathi charge by police.
After J&K, Uttar Pradesh saw the highest number of lathi charge actions on 185 occasions in which none was killed while the number of injured was 219 civilians and 11 cops.
Contrary to state, across India lathi charge was resorted to by cops on 2184 occasions in which 35 people were killed and 759 civilians injured. At least 4713 cops were also injured in mob violence during these incidents.
Across India police firing killed 92 civilians and injured 351 while four cops were also killed and 727 injured in “incidents of riotous mob/opening of fire by insurgents or anti‐social elements.”
Police resorted to firing on 184 occasions across India, last year.
As per the data, J&K stood at top third after Haryana—that witnessed Jatt agitation over job quotas—with 22 firing incidents by police killing as many civilians. The civilian killings in Haryana was highest in the country. In Assam 16 civilians were killed due to police firing on a single occasion.