Pakistan as well as Kashmiris were of the view that the Maharaja of Kashmir had no right to call in the Indian Army and that Accession is not a legitimate one, because the Maharaja of Kashmir was not a heredity ruler, that he was merely a British appointee after the British defeated Ranjit Singh who ruled the province before the British. There had been no such position as the "Maharaja of Kashmir" prior to British rule. By the time Pakistan thought of sending troops to Kashmir, Indian forces had taken control of approximately two thirds of the former principality. Gilgit and other northern territories were secured for Pakistan by the scouts of Gilgit and the forces of the state of Chitral (another princely state that had acceded to Pakistan) and not by the Pakistani-army.
This first war saw only Kashmir as its prime location. And this tragic war became another theory apart from the two nation theory, which divided one nation, not in independent parts but parts controlled by other independent nations. These new two divided portion never saw the union of divided families. This first Kashmir war took many precious lives. A ceasefire, no doubt was arranged by the United Nations but kept a solution (plebiscite) pending. So a Princely state of Jammu and Kashmir got dissolved. Pakistan took control of roughly a third of Kashmir (Azad Kashmir and Gilgit–Baltistan), whereas India took control of the rest (Kashmir valley, Jammu and Ladakh). India made Kashmir its own state by claiming that Maharaja signed an accession of Kashmir with India, but questions were raised and even it is circulated in Jammu and Kashmir that the dividing principles were thrown into the dustbin. The Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir (roughly 101,387 km²) and the Pakistan regions which subsequently became Azad Kashmir (13,297 km²) and the Northern Areas (72,496 km²) became the stab goats of dirty politics played by the British along with others.
India herself approached the UN for the resolution of this Kashmir issue, but UN put forth certain conditions. India agreed to them and even agreed for holding the plebiscite. At this juncture and both Pakistan and India agreed to withdraw their regular forces from the occupied land. But nothing concrete has been done by the either nations. That is why this region has today become the world’s highest militarized area apart from nuclear flash point and cries for the permanent solution and everlasting peace. If Kashmir gets peace and solution including reunion, then certain dates of Kashmir history such as 27th October will vanish and happiness may return.