History of the crisis

“Over seven decades of Indian military occupation have caused 100,000 civilian deaths, 10,000 missing, and destroyed the civic, political, and economic life of Kashmir.”

The people of Kashmir are fighting erasure from history. Over seven decades of Indian military occupation have caused 100,000 civilian deaths, 10,000 missing, and destroyed the civic, political, and economic life of Kashmir.

The dispute between India and Pakistan has caused three wars and several other armed skirmishes.

During the partition, the rulers of Kashmir joined India, on the condition that Kashmir retains its own constitution, a separate flag, and freedom to make laws. These rights were formalized in Article 370 of the Indian constitution.

In recent decades, disputes over control of the region continued, and India has eroded Kashmir’s internationally recognized autonomies.

On August 5, 2019, India revoked Article 370 of its constitution, thereby removing Kashmir’s long-held constitutional autonomy and instituted a brutal military occupation. Overnight, restrictions were placed on all forms of telecommunication. Constant human rights abuses have been inflicted by the Modi government including state-sanctioned violence, detention without trial, torture, and punitive economic retaliation.